Withdrawal of benefits under GSP affects gems and jewellery exporters: CRISIL Report
New Delhi, June 18 (KNN) The Withdrawal of benefits under the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) will affect exporters of gems & jewellery the most, according to CRISIL report.
India’s goods and services trade with the US totalled $142.1 billion of which, exports were $83.2 billion. Within exports, that under GSP is estimated to be 7.5-7.8%, which translates into $260 million of levies saved, that amount to a 4% duty benefit in 2018.
Director of CRISIL Research Hetal Gandhi said, “The withdrawal of GSP will affect exporters of gems & jewellery the most because 15% of such exports availed of its benefits in calendar 2018. Now there will be an additional duty of 7% on exports of precious metal-based and imitation jewellery. That will reduce competitiveness of domestic exporters and put pressure on margins.”
The gems & jewellery sector is already under pressure on account of stringent lending rules and working capital crunch. India tops the list of exporters to the US in this category, with more than 15% share. However, increasing competition from Israel, Mexico and Canada remains monitorable.
Indian companies also face intense competition for exports of pharmaceutical products to the US from the likes of Ireland, Germany and Switzerland. The US market accounts for 35-37% of Indian formulation exports. However, the impact of GSP withdrawal on pharmaceuticals is minimal.
The developing nations such as Vietnam, Indonesia and Bangladesh have been increasing their share in overall exports to the US. The impact of GSP withdrawal on apparel exports is minimal.
4% subsidy offered by the government under the Merchandise Export Incentive Scheme (MEIS) remains a monitorable in this category. If MEIS benefits are not renewed, it would lead to deterioration of export competitiveness, thereby impacting exports to the US.
The US accounts for over 15% of India’s exports of goods, though from a US perspective, imports from India are barely 2% of the pie.
The US’s trade deficit with India has declined continuously over the past five years, from $31billion in calendar 2014 to $24.2 billion in calendar 2018. This is because India’s exports to the US have logged a compound annual growth rate of 6%, while its imports from the US have run up at 11%.